The paper examines the amenability of private incorporated bodies to judicial review, focussing particularly on the impact of the Judicature Amendment Act 1972:
- Dean R Knight, "Privately Public"
When are – or should – the actions of private bodies subject to the scrutiny in our public law courts? ...As usual, comment and feedback welcomed.
In this paper, I explore the puzzle of the relevance of JAA72 to the question of amenability to judicial review, through the lens of the reviewability of incorporated societies and other private corporate entities. Conflicting decisions of the Court of Appeal on this point provide an entry point into the analysis of the proper relationship between common law review and review under the statutory recognition of judicial review in the JAA72. I argue that the JAA72 cannot be regarded as conferring jurisdiction on the courts to engage in judicial review without reference to the underlying parameters of the common law. The text and purpose of the JAA72, along with policy and constitutional considerations, all point to the JAA72 as being procedural in form and not obviating the need for courts to engage in an evaluation of the publicness of private entities before they subject them to review.